Achievements of BHRC in Urban Resiliency 2015 – Dr. Ghazal Raheb

Achievements of BHRC in urban resiliency Ghazal Raheb Head of Architecture and Urban Planning Institute, BHRC Mahta Mirmoghtadaee Head of Theoretical Studies in Architecture and Urban Planning Department, BHRC

2. Definition As the“city”is considered a dynamic system, the ability of this system to return to stable equilibrium point after disruption is “RESILIENCY”.

3. Environmental management and risk reduction Two determining factors threatening Contemporary human settlements are: Deterioration of environment , Natural disasters Deterioration of environment increases the adverse impacts of natural disaster. Current human life style has put more people and structures under risk and more pressure on environment. Reducing natural disaster risks and achieving “livable”, “Sustainable” and “Resilient” urban and rural settlements are dependent on environmental management.
4. Analytical review of settlements resiliency in disasters (South Khorasan eartquake- 1997) Unsustainable location: Locating on the slopes, Instable soils and , high risk zones

5. Unsustainable development: Construction on the river bank Destroying forests in highlands was leading to flooding Analytical review of settlements resiliency in disasters (Flood in Neka- 1999)

6. Unsustainable urban form Compactness of neighborhood in Bam after earthquake Open spaces in urban fabric, Baravat (a town near Bam) after earthquake Analytical review of settlements resiliency in disasters (Bam earthquake- 2003)

7. Unsustainable location: Establishing villages in valleys and steeps Unsustainable and poor access to some villages Analytical review of settlements resiliency in disasters (Azarbayjan earthquake- 2012)

8. Planning for increasing Resiliency in settlements 1. Prevention 2. Rescue and Relief 3. Rehabilitation and Reconstruction